Giorgia Meloni appears before the great world leaders in this G20 held in Indonesia and, thus, in Bali is staged the first international high-voltage appointment for the new president of the Italian Council of Ministers. The only premier woman in this vertex crossed, how could it be otherwise, by the debate on the war in Ukraine. “When Indonesia took over the G20 presidency, it was impossible to predict that Russia might invade Ukraine and the devastating impact this would have on the world order and our economies,” Meloni said in her speech. “To succeed in its mission, the G20 must have the courage to face the most difficult challenges on the agenda, starting with the consequences of the Ukrainian conflict in the economic, energy and food fields that are affecting everyone and undoubtedly affect also developing countries,” he added. A theme, war, and a position, aligned with Atlanticism and Europeanism, that Meloni has always wanted to delimit despite the doubts generated by her two coalition partners: Berlusconi and Salvini.
G20 | E’ quasi tutto al maschile il tavolo sul G20 que si è aperto a Bali. At the opening session there were 41 participants and only 4 women: the premier Giorgia Meloni is the only one to win the incarico of government boss. #ANSA https://t.co/5CZBH3rrpE
— ANSA Agency (@Agenzia_Ansa) November 15, 2022
And, also, a theme that inevitably links her to her first great interlocutor in the long day on Tuesday, the American president Joe Biden. In a bilateral meeting that lasted about an hour in which they discussed the commitment to “continue to provide Ukraine with the necessary support to defend itself and hold Russia responsible for its aggression”, as White House sources explain. On the other hand, as Italian government sources add, “the meeting focused on the solidarity of the transatlantic alliance and on the excellent collaboration to face global challenges, such as economic growth and common security.” Communiqué that also tried to reinsure the “deep and lasting ties between nations with the great interest of strengthening them in numerous sectors of reciprocal interest.” Main, thus, the issue of war to which other aspects of global development, climate crisis or energy have been added.
Giorgia #meloni has contracted in precedence the president Usa Joe #Biden.
During the colloquium, which lasted one hour, and two leaders discussed the Pechino post, the climate crisis and the energy crisis, I did not agree to continue to support the Ukraine@ultimora_pol pic.twitter.com/Vu1yWWb6IN
— Ultimora.net – POLITICS (@ultimora_pol) November 15, 2022
A first meeting with the American leader and, above all, face to face, which marks aspects above all of thaw. Biden has had the opportunity to get closer to Giorgia Meloni, the far-right leader who has come to the Government in Italy, a fact that does not go unnoticed within the significant novelty of the ideological line of the leader within the framework of governments that make up the EU . And, above all, because Meloni would have preferred a Republican interlocutor. But first impressions are positive. Fabrizio Coticchia He is a professor of Political Science specializing in International Relations at the University of Genoa. “For Giorgia Meloni it is essential to obtain great international credibility and in the relationship with the US she can find this reaffirmation through the common vision of the war in Ukraine and the equidistance with Russia”, Coticchia explains. “The spaces for international alliances for Italy are quite limited, especially at a time when it has so few allies in Europe.. The situation could change with the European elections in 2024 if a more sovereign trend is reaffirmed in Europe, but for now this is not the case.”Explain.
Bilateral Biden with Meloni… they talk about the challenges posed by China, the climate crisis and Ruisa using energy as a weapon. The two countries agree to continue supporting Ukraine militarily pic.twitter.com/HVVCc534nx
—Sandro Pozzi (@sandro_pozzi) November 15, 2022
In areas of mutual interest, in fact, there is also talk of trade agreements. The great efforts of Italian diplomacy in these hours were for this meeting to go well. Washington wants Italy to reduce the trade euphoria with China that existed in the first Conte government and to focus on growing with the US. Meloni could accept because he needs the political cover of the American administration in the face of the great European skepticism towards the government he leads, which has increased after the migration crisis. Federico Niglia is an expert professor in International Politics at the University of Perugia. “I agree with the idea that this is an episode in search of international credibility for Meloni. In the case of the US, historical relations that are already very powerful and with strong channels are reaffirmed”, he explains. These interests also include energy, now central to Italy, and in general to the entire EU, which receives 37,000 million liquefied gas from the United States, without which the productive engine of the countries of the Union could not function.
The meeting with the Chinese leader
The meeting with the Chinese leader, Xi Jinping, took place in the following hours and, despite the fact that it was expected to be shorter, lasted more or less an hour. It was Meloni’s second big meeting and a balance test for the leader. The premier wanted to maintain, apart from the much-needed agreements with the US, a general commitment to favor and increase some commercial channels with Xi, although not in the “more traditional” way foreseen with previous routes such as the Silk Road.. And so it was, reciprocal interest was reaffirmed and the Chinese leader officially invited Meloni to visit the country “to learn about and love Chinese culture.” For Rome – which sells some 18,000 million products a year to the eastern giant, especially in the manufacturing and mechanical sectors – it is a necessary buyer to balance a trade balance. Seen from the point of view of Beijing, Italy represents one more port in which to disembark in Europe. “The trade relations policy with China, despite being important, will never be subordinated to Atlanticism and economic agreements with the US,” concludes Federico Niglia. Regarding the issue of war, also central to the colloquium, Meloni tries to convey to him the importance of reducing tensions and Xi justifies that he does not have as much influence over Russia “as is believed”, according to what he has learned after the meeting.
G20, bilateral against Giorgia #meloni and #xi Jinping: in a time of definitive cordial confrontation, if there is a discussion of human rights, the initiative to stop the war and increase Italian exports in China@ultimora_pol pic.twitter.com/mG9LAVXzNg
— Ultimora.net – POLITICS (@ultimora_pol) November 16, 2022
Meloni was also able to meet on that busy G20 schedule with Turkish leader Erdogan, Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau, Japanese Prime Minister Fumio Kishida and Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi. It did not, however, with European leaders despite the fact that the immigration issue is hotter than ever with its French neighbors.